The Royal Palace,The Fisher’s Bastion and the Church of Matthias is built on the Fortress Hill,and this place is included on the list of Unesco’s World Culture Heritage. And of course the Castle of Buda. They are structured all on the same hill. Buda fort was built 180 meters higher than water level. It is also possible to use the funicular system to get atop here. This structure was built by the King Bela the 6th, at the beginning of the 13th century. It’s approximate length is 1,5km. There are many restaurants,cafe’s and souvenir shops around the castle grounds.
The Church of Matthias is the second largest church of Hungary. This church,built between the 13th and the 15th century, is covered in colorfull seramics. When the Ottoman Emperor,Suleiman the Magnificent conquered Hungary-which was Budin,aka Buda at the time-he converted this church to a mosque for a while. It regained it’s recent appearance after a renovation made in 1896.
Budapest was first conquered by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1526. After being under Ottoman reign for 160 years, it got out of Ottoman Possession. Due to Budin and Peschte being located near the trade routes,the Ottoman gave great value to this place. In 1662, Saint Çelebi visited this place, and mentioned in his journal that the Ottomans built here 25 mosques,47 small mosques, religion schools,16 elementary schools,2 bathhouses,8 hot spring houses, 9 inns, 1 clock tower and 1 covered bazaar. Of course much has changed since then,and most of these structures are gone today. Also, The Mustafa Pascha Mosque and it’s tomb was made by Mimar Sinan by the orders of Sokullu Mustafa Pascha.
Our boat continues it’s voyage after passing under the Margaret Bridge to the Margit Island. The two ends of this island is home to the Margaret Bridge at it’s front and Arpad Bridge at it’s end. In the borders of Budapest ,there are 9 bridges on the Danube River. Still,only 7 of these are open for traffic.
There is also direct transportation to Margit Island, through Margaret Bridge. The structure is named after the princess has who spent her life here and died young shortly after the Mongol Invasion. In fact the Monastery that she lived in and her mauselium are sights that you can see on the island. This location is more like a recreational area for the city, with many hotels and night clubs. Yet it is hard to say that Budapest has an active night life. Since the city is mostly covered in green, it is possible to see city dwellers, running,walking and sunbathing throughout the day.
On the right wing of Margit Bridge, you can see the Török Ut (The Turk Street). When you head along through here, you get to the Gül Baba Shrine at the end of the Mescet Street. If you ask me, it is not a must-see,but if you insist on taking a vow at the shrine then go ahead. After the Ottomans conquered Hungary, Gül Baba who was from Isparta and also a Bektashi,came here to Buda. The local hungarians took a great liking to him,and since he was carrying roses wherever he went, they called him Gül Baba (Rose Father). He died a matyr in 1541 and a shrine was made in his name. It has been maintained since then. Keep in mind, this is not one of the spots visited by the City Bus tours. It is more of a point of attraction for the Turkish tourists, coming to Hungary.
So after going around the Margit Island and reaching the other side again,now Peschte lies to the left of our boat. Peschte acts as an exact opposite in terms of geographical structure to the Buda, it is nearly flat,while budha is uneven and rugged. The center of trade and economy used to be Buda,but after the 19th century the center was located to the Peschte side. The Belvaros province of Peschte, may be compared to the Nişantaşı of Istanbul.
After passing the Margit Island, we can observe the Parlament Building to the left. The parlament building which is a symbol of Budapest, was constructed between the years 1884-1904 and has 691 rooms inside. This structure that was made in neo-gothic style was built by the architect Imre Steidl. The length of the building is 268 meters and it’s height at a glorious 96 meters. It carries the title of being the largest building in the city. A piece that is worth seeing inside,is the Mihaly Munkacsy’s painting the “Conquest” which is displayed in the room near the President’s room. If you wish to wander through the great halls of this structure, the fee for entrance is 8.5 euros.
Right next to the Parlament Building is the Science Academy. This structure was built between the years 1862 and 1864 by the German architect Stüler. This structure is located at the Roosvelt Square. There are great-looking cafe’s right behind this building.
We go under the Chain Bridge once more to disembark near the Hoten Intercontinental to our left.