The city of Jerash is 50 km’s north of Amman. The second most important place to see in Jordan after Petra.
A city that is built at 1100 meters altitude above sea level and at 3000 meters high mountains and valleys.
In the archeological researches made here, bones from 6500 BC. were found. A very old settlement. Came under control of Romans in 63 BC and became one of the top ten important cities of Rome. The city went through its golden ages in the Rome period and that period was named Gerasa. In 106 AD, the emperor, Trajan had roads built here therefore trade in the city fastened. At the years of 120-130 the aqueduct of Hadrian was built. Even now, the area inside of the walls is 800.000 meters square.
Ethnical background most consists of Arabs. But Circassians and Armenians have an important part in the population.
After the Persian invasion in 614, the city lost its power, but recovered in Umayyad period. But after the earthquake took place in the city in 746, a big part of the city was ruined. This city takes attention as one of the best preserved Roman cities even now. Excavation work first started in 1920. Until than, it was under the sands. Revealed with the archeological work which is still going on. Resemles the Palmira in Syria a little. This settlement also has roads with pillars, theatres and temples. The most impressive one is the Cathedral.
The tickets can be bought in the visitor center of Jerash, if you want to enter the ruins. Open from 7 am until the sky gets dark. Everyday from July to October, there are sound and light shows going on at 20.30 to 22.30. At late July, early August, lots of visitors from all around the world comes here for Jerash festival. The festival, allows the modern day dancers, singers and orchestras to use the amphitheatre.