We took coco teas with us and walked through the seaport of our hotel as it was located near Lake Titicaca. We also took eight oxygen-pressurized spray bottles since the altitude was very high. The surface of the seaport was compeletely covered with nutgrass. Our 30-people-capacity boat docked and we started our trip on Lake Titicaca.
Lake Titicaca is located between Peru and Bolivia in a plateau named Altiplano of Andes and it is the largest fresh water lake in South America.
It is often called the highest navigable lake in the world with a surface elevation of 3,812 meters. Tibetan Plateau includes lakes with a surface elevation of 4000 meters, yet they are not navigable.
The surface of Lake Titicaca is 8228 square kilometers and the maximum depth of Lake Titicaca is 284 meters while having a mean depth about 140-180 meters. 25 different streams empty into Lake Titicaca. Lake Titicaca is 194 kilometers in lenght and 65 kilometers in width. The lake includes many large and small islands. The most important one out of these islands is Isla del Sol (the Island of Sun) where we visited after travelling to Bolivia.
The lake contains 41 artificial floating islands whose citizens are called Uros who builted these floating islands in order to protect themselves from warrior Incas. Uros and floating islands, constituting the second part of trip on the lake, are the most characteristic features of Lake Titicaca.
Another important island of the lake is Taquile. It was discovered after many years as its inhabitants kept themselves secret from strangers. This island, also known as the island of knitting males, was included on our route, too.
The origin of the name Titicaca is not known exactly, but in Aymaran language “titi” means big cat and “caca” means “rock”. They resemble this lake to a puma. In Quechua language, -titi- means bullet or livid and –caca- means –rock-, which means “livid rock”.
The titi part (60%) of the lake is located in Peru while caca part (40%) is situated in Bolivia.
The Lake Titicaca includes some animals, endemic to the lake, such as Titicaca Grebe and Titicaca Water Frog.
Titicaca Grebe are not able to fly due to the short wings. No matter how fast it flutters, it can not fly. The striped skin of Titicaca Water Frog helps the frog breathe.