The tallest memorial of New Delhi, Qutub Minar, is also the second tallest memorial of India. The tallest one is the Fateh Burj, which is known as the victory tower. Fateh Burj is located in the Chappar Chiri town in Punjab area. Great Pagoda in Beijing and Pisa Tower in Italy are the most remarkable ones in between world’s tallest memorials.
Qutub Minar is 72.5 meters high from the ground. The construction had started in 1192 by Kutub-üd-din Aibak, but was completed by Iltutmish. Kutub-üd-din Aibak was the first Muslim leader to rule Delhi. They were inspired by the Minaret of Jam in Afghanistan, in the construction of this minaret.
But the first Muslim leader was respectful to the other religions, therefore he used both Hindu and Islamic figures in the making of the minaret. First thing to catch the eye in the architecture of this minaret made out of red and white marble, is the triangular and circular lines going up. Circular ones represent the form of hands of Muslims while praying, triangular ones represent the form of Hindus’ hands while praying. Besides, there are prayers written on the walls of the structure in both Arabic and Nagari characters. There are prayers in Arabic, and Hinduism symbols on different parts of the tower. All these fetaures put this minaret in the category of Indo-Islamic creations.
If you want to get to the top of this minaret, you have to climb 378 steps. It is told that there is a very clear New Delhi view at the top. But when we were there, there was a renovation work going on and we could not reach the top.
Right after this memorial, the first mosque in India had been built by Kutub-üd-din Aibak in 1193. It is located at northeast of the memorial and it is known as Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque.
Why the tower was built so tall is still a matter of debate between the historians. Some of them say that it was built this tall to be used as a minaret, and others say that the first Muslim leaders had it built as a victory memorial and used the Indian and Islamic elements on it to show the public a message of indulgence.
The garden of this structure was used as a graveyard. You can tell by the figures on the tombs that if it is a grave of a man or a woman. There is a little dome on the male graves. Female graves are straight and embossed.
We went to a government supported carpet production store afterwards. Because it is supported by the government, the carpet you choose can be posted to your country for free. Of course they give a little briefing about carpet making first.
It takes two hours to knit only one line of the carpet. Of course it depends on the color and the patterns used on the carpet. After the demonstration, they show different sizes of silken carpets. The smallest ones open for 400 dollars. It might seem expensive but after all, it is silk, and the craftsmanship is exquisite.