Temple of Kom Ombo and Aswan

The Temple of Kom Ombo is located on the bank of the Nile and very close to the city of Aswan. The temple was built in second century B.C. in Southern Egypt. The southern half of the temple was dedicated to the crocodile god, Sobek, while the northern part was dedicated to the falcon god, Haroeris. It is the only temple, shared by two gods, in the world, thus, all of the rooms, sanctuaries, halls etc. were duplicated.

Kom means –one within the other- and ombo means –gold-. The temple dedicated to the crocodile god includes an embalmed – currently fossilized- crocodile. All of the columns and walls were decorated with hieroglyphics.

We saw a massive wall calendar, and then reached a corridor that was used as a clinic in 2nd century A.D. in Roman Period. Surgical instruments were engraved to the walls. This clinic used to provide health service for free for people in need. As normal citizens were not able to enter the temple, health service was provided on the corridor.

We arrived the city of Aswan by a boat, navigated on the Nile, after visiting the Temple of Kom Ombo. The city of Aswan, which is located on the bank of the Nile in Southern Egypt, is also known as Assuan. The history of Aswan dates back to Ancient Egypt, and it is one of most prominent tourist attraction of Egypt. Aswan is the hottest and driest inhabited city in the world.

The population of Aswan is about 200.000, most of whom works in Aswan Dam while the remainders work in tourism sector. Agricultural activity is not possible as it is the driest inhabited place in the world.

Aswan Dam meets a great majority of the city’s electric power demand. It is about three kilometers long and 111 metres tall. Aswan Dam is the largest dam in Middle East. The construction of Aswan Dam was started in 1956 and it took ten years.

Having visited the Aswan Dam, we headed to a papyrus factory where the making process and the sale takes place.

The Island of Elephantine and Aga Khan Mausoleum located in Elephantine Island, the first cataract of the Nile, Kitchener’s Island, El-Tabia Mosque and the Temple of Philae are among the places that must absolutely be visited in Aswan.



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