General Overview of Peru

Peru is one of the most appealing countries with its nature, culture and history of Southern America. Peru covers 1.285.000  square kilometer and divided into 25 regions. Peru is a presidential representative democratic republic with a parliament including 130 members. Parliament members are elected for a five-year term.

The population of Peru is about 29 millions, yet 70% of the population lives below hunger threshold. In Peru minimum wage is about 150 $ a month. 50% of people manage on 2 $ a day.

The population is composed of Mestizos by 59,5%, Quechuas by 22,7%, Aymaras by 2,7%, Amazonians by 1,8%, Black-Mulatto by 1,6, White by 4,9% and the Others  by 6,7%. Local people live in highlands. Avarage life expectancy is 70 years.

Although Spanish is the official language of Peru, there are other widely spoken languages like Quechua and Aymara.

Peru is divided into three areas: 1- Coastline
2- Andes
3- Amazon plateaus (5500-meter high plateaus are generally covered with snow)

Peru is threatened by three natural disasters;
1- Landslide
2- Earthquake (The largest one was in 1746)3- Avalanche

Peru is a rich country in natual minerals, yet managaments are in the possession of companies known as world’s giants. Peru is the seventh in golden production and fourth in silver production in the world.

Peruvians carry out 15% of fishing activities in the world. In Peru, marine animals include anchovy, tuna, toric, mackerel and shrimp.

The most favorable food for Peruvians is formed of an animal similar to rat and rabbit named Cochon de l’Iindes. For this reason people should pay attention what they are eating. Their traditional drink is called Pisco Sour which is a very strong drink.

Peruvians, descendent of Incas, produced Inca Cola as an alternative of Coca-Cola. This yellow-colored drink tastes delicious but Coca-Cola purchased shares of Inca Cola and dominated the market again.

Bull fighting and cock fighting, passed down from Spanish, are still arranged today. The eternal triangle of Peruvians includes condor, snake and puma. Snake represents knowledge, condor represents intelligence and puma represents nature. Condor is an American vulture, weighing 10 kilograms, that lives in Andes.

Way of dressing of Peruvians may differ depending on region, yet generally women prefer big colorful shawls on their shoulders.

They mostly carry their children on their back with the help of these shawls. They usually wear hats. Peasants prefer broad-edge ones while city-dwellers wear bowler hat.

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NURHAN YILMAZ

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NURHAN YILMAZ

1951 İstanbul doğumluyum. Yıl içinde dönüşümlü olarak Sinop, Bodrum ve İstanbul’da yaşamaktayım.Küçük yaşlarda babamın mesleği gereği, Türkiye’nin pek çok farklı şehirlerinde yaşadım.